Do you have a passion to see justice served? Are you interested to improve your skills
as an advocate and to learn the methods of community-based research? Are you considering
law school, a master’s degree in public administration or nonprofit management? If
so, the advocacy minor is for you!
The minor consists of six courses: two required courses and four electives.
Students must select one of three concentrations:
- public administration
- nonprofit management
The required courses consist of the core course (required of all concentrations) and
a concentration-appropriate application course (one required in each of the three).
Students will take three electives within their concentration and may select a fourth
elective from one of the two other concentrations or from the list of electives common
to the minor. Students must take at least two courses at the 300 level or above. Required
and elective course details follow.
PSCI 202 Engagement and the City: Millennials and the New Citizenship (required)
Course offerings in the three concentrations:
Application: BUS 349 Seminar in Management: Trial Class (required)
Concentration Electives: PSCI 244 Voting, Voice, and Virtual Freedom in the Internet
Age; Phil 305 Philosophy of Law; PSCI 307 Constitutional Law: Judicial Review and
Constitutional Interpretation; BUS 355 Business Law I; BUS 356 Business Law II.
Application: PSCI/SOC 395 Action Research Seminar (required)
Concentration Electives: SOC 240 The Profession of Social Work; SOC 362 Social Welfare
and Human Services; BUS 332 Marketing in Service Industries and Not-for-Profit management;
PSCI/SOC 396 Internship Seminar; PSCI 397/SOC Internship in Administration; PSCI/SOC
398 Grant Writing.
Application: PSCI 396 City Internship (required)
Concentration Electives: PSCI 101 American National Government; PSCI 201 State and
Local Government; SOC 227 Social Statistics; SOC 314 Communities and Urban Sociology;
PSCI 392 Empirical Political Research; PSCI/SOC 398 Grant Writing. (Students in the
public administration concentration should be sure that in selecting their electives
they end up with a total of at least two 300 level courses overall.)
Electives common the Minor:
ENST 200 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
PSCI 281 American Social Policy
ECON 100 Introduction to Economics
Advocacy Minor Details
Aristotle wrote his classic Rhetoric for the generally educated citizen. He defined advocacy quite broadly and focused
on training civic advocates because he realized that in a democracy persuasion is
a form of power. It is the most authoritative and justified form of power because
it works by changing minds. The advocacy minor at IWU is aimed at training civic advocates
for the twenty-first century.
The required core course, PSCI 202 Engagement and the City: Millennials and the New Citizenship, is a Citizenship 101 practicum. It introduces the student to various debates and
theories about citizenship and advocacy, and then opens students to West Bloomington
as a laboratory where they can apply and practice their skills of civic engagement.
The course also introduces students to the methodology followed by the Action Research
Center. At the same time, it is a standalone course addressing the purposes and functions
of citizenship and the tools of community-based research.
The advocacy minor will serve as a curricular foundation and home for three pre-professional
programs: pre-law, pre-public administration, and pre-nonprofit management. Pre-law
has always been popular at IWU, but increasingly students here have also been drawn
to the numerous careers and life paths within public administration and the nonprofit
sector. The three form a coherent whole in that they each cross the state and civil
society distinction that runs through contemporary liberal democracies. State legislatures
and judiciaries create laws and the executive branch implements them, but many attorneys
work in the areas of contracts, property, and tort law which operate somewhat autonomously
in civic society. Nonprofits are mainly civil society-based organizations, but they
frequently work with and in some case on behalf of governments. And public administrators
work with attorneys and nonprofits on a routine basis.
A narrow focus on either the state or civil society alone is especially inappropriate
for students interested in law school. Attorneys often represent the state, but just
as often they represent the marginalized in society. Pre-law education should be understood
as requiring a broad training in reading, writing, and reasoning on a variety of public
interested topics. Majors like English, history, economics, philosophy, sociology,
and political science are all typical “pre-law” majors and the law schools at places
like Harvard and Yale frequently take students from art, chemistry, mathematics, religion,
and indeed all liberal arts majors. The advocacy minor with a pre-law concentration
is thus a natural pair with any liberal arts major.
The advocacy minor’s concentrations will allow students to signal their pre-professional
interests to prospective programs. Under the minor, each concentration—pre-law, pre-public
administration, and pre-nonprofit management—will be entered on student transcripts.