BLOOMINGTON, Ill.— What new methods will be developed to help stroke patients in their
rehabilitation? Can research on men as perpetrators of sexual violence help administrators
understand how to reduce incidents on college campuses? How are students and teachers
in two different countries resisting the privatization of public education?
These and other questions are being investigated this summer by five Illinois Wesleyan
University students who were selected as Eckley Scholars. The Robert S. and Nell B. Eckley Scholars and Artists Program was established by President Emeritus Eckley and his wife, Nell. The endowment provides
a stipend of $4,000 for each scholar to spend the summer on campus conducting research
under the mentorship of a faculty member. Established shortly before President Eckley
passed away in 2012, the program is designed to develop and deepen a student’s creative
and research competencies.
“The financial aid I get from the Eckley award is making a massive difference in my
life,” said recipient Paige Buschman ’17. “I put myself through school, and having
a secure income this summer, while simultaneously gaining skills that will prepare
me for work I plan to do in the future, has impacted my life in a way I cannot explain.”
Following are brief descriptions of the scholars’ projects:
Shannon Maloney ’18
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, stroke is a leading cause
of serious long-term disability, and some 95 percent of stroke survivors have some
upper-limb dysfunction in routine daily activities.
“Stroke patients tend to rely heavily on compensatory strategies such as picking up
a ball with their arm or with a couple of their fingers instead of implementing the
whole hand,” said Shannon Maloney ’18, a psychology and business administration double major. Through a comparative study utilizing mice performing two different
reaching tasks, Maloney hopes to discover a task that promotes behavior that closely
parallels true recovery. She said “true” recovery signifies actions that mirror the
behaviors patients exhibit pre-stroke.
“Currently in this field of knowledge, there are limited reaching tasks used for stroke
rehabilitation,” said Maloney, who is guided by Assistant Professor of Psychology
Maloney said that in her first year at Illinois Wesleyan, she took the course “Brain
Injury and Recovery” with Kerr. In the course Maloney learned what happens to the
brain when patients are subjected to the rabies virus or receive multiple head injuries.
“By the end of the semester, I was captivated by the field of knowledge called neuropsychology,”
Maloney recalled. “I started working in Dr. Kerr’s lab to acquire more hands-on experience
in the field.” She said the opportunity to conduct research, made possible by the
Eckley award, has helped her define her career aspirations, which currently include
Martha Aguirre ’17
While studying abroad in Chile, Martha Aguirre ’17 witnessed students protesting inequalities in their education
system. “High school and university students united to fight for their educational
rights,” said Aguirre, who is majoring in secondary education and Hispanic Studies. “I was inspired that students were so aware of the inequality of the education system.”
During her time in Chile, Aguirre noticed that some of the same problems Chile experienced
also plagued the Chicago Public Schools (CPS), where Aguirre had received her education.
The differences, she noticed, laid in who was doing the protesting. In Chicago, she
noted, the resistance has largely come from the Chicago Teacher’s Union (CTU), while
in Chile, it was students who were protesting privatization in mass numbers.
Guided by Irv Epstein, who is Ben and Susan Rhodes Endowed Professor in Peace and
Social Justice in addition to Chair of Educational Studies, Aguirre is researching
the ways teachers and students in two different countries are resisting privatization
of public education, which generally means contracting out to the private, for-profit
sector jobs and responsibilities of the public sector (school vouchers and charter
schools, for example). In her research, Aguirre said she has most enjoyed interviewing
teachers and students in both locations and bringing to light their voices and struggles.
“Students are capable of producing huge changes if they recognize their capabilities
and their potential,” she said. After graduating from Illinois Wesleyan, Aguirre hopes
to become a CPS teacher. “I want to give back to the schools like those I attended,”
she said. “I hope to receive an endorsement in ESL/Bilingual education and teach newcomer
Boryana Borisova ’17
As a 6-year-old immigrant from Bulgaria, Boryana Borisova ’17 was introduced to Western
culture through children’s books. Now as a young adult and International Studies major at Illinois Wesleyan, Borisova is revisiting children’s literature for her
Eckley research project. Through a comparative analysis between the original English
text of A.A. Milne’s Winnie-the-Pooh and its retelling by Russian children’s writer and poet Boris Zakhoder, Borisova questions
the subversive nature of Zakhoder’s text.
“Adult readers looked upon his retelling as a manual of resistance to ideological
pressures from the socialist state,” said Borisova. “This anti-totalitarian message
overshadowed the value of this text for children’s readership. While paying attention
to the politics of Zakhoder’s text, my research will restore its merit for the younger
audience by analyzing its place within the body of Soviet children’s literature.”
Borisova will also expand her analysis to the realm of visual culture, comparing the
Walt Disney Productions’ film The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) with the work of the Russian animator Fyodor Khitruk in the early 1970s.
She said she was inspired to apply for the Eckley award because of her academic advisor,
Isaac Funk Professor of German and Russian Marina Balina. “Her piercing insight and
creativity introduced me to a new realm of Soviet children’s literature,” Borisova
said of Balina. “She has challenged me to bring forth an independent study of merit.”
Following graduation from Illinois Wesleyan, Borisova plans to apply to graduate school
for programs in library and information science. “My mission of promoting books by
foreign authors and exposing American youth to the globalized world of cultures began
this summer as an Eckley Scholar,” she said.
Paige Buschman ’17
Earlier this year, the sexual assault conviction and subsequent sentencing of ex-Stanford
University student Brock Turner brought attention once again to the realities of reporting
and punishing sexual assault. While experts and activists laud colleges who have advocated
for affirmative consent standards and launched bystander intervention training, research
by Paige Buschman ’17 adds to a growing body of research suggesting studying perpetrators
rather than victims helps administrators understand how to reduce incidents of sexual
“My study focuses on socialization processes, specifically of men, around issues of
sexual assault and how those processes manifest themselves in institutions of higher
education,” said Buschman, a sociology major who is mentored by Associate Professor of Sociology Meghan Burke.
In researching the history of feminism and masculinity in the United States, “we have
really come so far, but we have much further to go,” she said. “We need to do a better
job, as a society and as a campus, of teaching boys what sexual assault is and not
to do it. There is not enough emphasis in men’s upbringing on respecting women and
their boundaries. Instead, we teach them to prove their masculinity in ways that are
damaging to themselves and to their partners.”
After graduation from Illinois Wesleyan, Buschman plans to attend graduate school
to enter higher education administration. “Ultimately, I would like to work in a women’s
center or another kind of diversity center on a college campus.”
Zach Silver ’18
The sound of barking dogs is music to the ears of Zach Silver.
More specifically, Silver is investigating the degree to which domesticated dogs pay
attention to changes in the “size” of the sound of a bark, and whether the dog attends
more or less to various sounds. The psychology and music double major said his project combines many of the empirical methods he’s learned
from his advisors and mentors, Assistant Professor of Music Joseph Plazak and Assistant
Professor of Psychology Ellen Furlong.
“In music cognition, researchers have learned a great deal about the way that humans
perceive the size of sounds,” said Silver. “In the field of comparative cognition,
researchers have discovered a plethora of information about the way that non-human
animals experience the world. By increasing our understanding of how non-human animals
perceive and respond to sound, we can better understand our own hearing systems and
our responses to sounds.”
The Eckley project has had emotional benefits for him as well, Silver said. “I always
look forward to coming into the dog scientists lab,” he said. “Being around dogs always seems to have a positive impact on my day.”
After graduation from Illinois Wesleyan, Silver hopes to pursue a Ph.D. in cognitive
psychology, continuing to investigate the way humans and non-human animals hear and
Conducting research as an undergraduate is one of Illinois Wesleyan’s unique experiential learning opportunities.
Approximately two-thirds of Illinois Wesleyan students conduct research, working alongside
faculty in research or collaborating with them on students’ own designs, artwork,
musical compositions or other works of fine art.