Physicians diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. They examine patients; take medical
histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests.
Becoming a physician requires a demanding education and training requirements. Physicians
need a bachelor’s degree, a degree from a medical school, which takes 4 years to complete,
and, depending on their specialty, 3 to 7 years in internship and residency programs.
There are two paths to becoming a physician, both allow practice in any medical specialty.
MDs and DOs are similarly educated and certified, but there are differences in their
training and philosophy of patient care.
Allopathic medicine (MD)
Osteopathic medicine (DO)
There are 35 osteopathic medical colleges in the U.S. DOs practice medicine with a
patient-centered, holistic, hands-on approach to diagnosing and treating illness and
Pre-requisites and Program Guide