Life After the Bachelor's Degree
Students often ask: "What can I do with a degree in Political Science?" The answer
is that you can pursue a wide variety of possible careers.
Some options may require a further degree in graduate school or law school, but most
are feasible with a Bachelor's degree, including a variety of careers in the public
These include, but are not limited to, campaign consultants, public opinion pollsters,
lobbyists, fundraisers for political parties or interest groups, research and policy
analysts and program evaluators for interest groups, government agencies or research
organizations ("think tanks"), budgetary analysts for government or industry, legislative
and political analysts for elected officials, government agencies, interest groups
or foreign embassies, city or county managers, state or local government department
heads, data collection/researchers or statistical analysts for the private sector
or any level of government such as the U.S. Census Bureau or state/local departments
of planning, journalists, teachers, college and university professors and lawyers.
There is no inherent contradiction between becoming liberally educated and becoming
marketable to private and public sector employers. In the process of selecting and
taking courses a student can improve their marketability by constantly striving to
improve their critical thinking abilities and communication skills (both written and
oral). Prospective employees with these impressive qualities are always in short supply
in the job market. In addition, students should take courses and internships which
help prepare them for a particular type of career. The optional tracks discussed earlier
are suggestive of the paths students might take. For example, students interested
in public administration/public policy might select courses from that track (in Political
Science and other departments) and supplement their coursework with internships in
government budgeting, planning, health or social service offices. These experiences
might help lead to paid summer or full-time employment in the future.
Students should strive to put together their own package of courses that appear to
best fit their intellectual curiosity and career goals. They should prepare their
own individualized courses of action in constant consultation with their academic
advisor and possibly other members of the Department.
Students interested, for example, in political campaign consulting and/or public opinion
polling might decide to devise their own individualized "track." This could include
upper division Political Science courses such as 201 State and Local Government, 241
American Elections, Political Parties and Campaigns, 242 Comparative Political Parties
and Elections, 341 Congress and the Legislative Process, 350 American Public Policy
and an independent study in some aspect of electoral analysis or campaign management
in 402 Advanced Studies in Politics. This latter option might become part of a larger
project examined in subsequent research in the 415 Senior Seminar. They could also
take up to two internship course credits working with a campaign, political party
organization or campaign consulting group. One of our 1995 graduates interned with
a prominent Chicago-based consultant who latter hired her in a full-time position.
Other options include the American Politics Washington Semester program in the nation's
capital, and courses in other departments such as Social Statistics (Sociology 227),
Population and Environment (Sociology 344) and Principles of Marketing (Business 331).
The above is merely one example of how an individualized curriculum might be assembled
to fit a particular student's intellectual desires and career goals.
Illinois Wesleyan's political science majors are often very competitive for jobs in
government. Our majors have found fulfilling positions working in Congressional offices, the
executive departments, and so much more. Click on the above link for more information.
A large number of Political Science majors go on to law school. The national standardized
admission exam is the L.S.A.T. (Law School Admissions Test). Students should at least
obtain a practice book with practice examinations (as with the G.R.E.). The Department
recommends that you consider taking an L.S.A.T. preparation course. It will likely
assist you to maximize your test score.
The Department Chair and other members of the Department on the University's Pre-Law
Committee have publications and information on the L.S.A.T. and various law schools
across the country. You will find that the programs and curriculum of law schools
vary much less than those of graduate programs in Political Science. It is the case,
however, that a variety of factors should influence your choice of where to apply
(and where to accept). The official law school rankings should only be part of the
If you are considering applying to graduate programs in political science, there are
several factors which you should carefully weigh when making such a big decision about
your future. Here is a guide for how to select a graduate political science program
that is appropriate for you and also a timetable to follow when applying to their
In selecting a graduate school, first arrange a meeting with one of your political
science professors. He or she will give you guidance as to what kind of graduate programs
exist and their strengths and weaknesses. Keep in mind that graduate programs will
vary considerably in their focus. Hence, it is not a good idea to solely base your
choice of a program on the general reputation of the school alone. You must research
the school to find out whether the particular department is strong in the areas or
sub-fields that you want to study.
Get a copy of the APSA's Graduate Faculty and Programs in Political Science, and read
about the schools your professors suggest. Discuss these choices with political science
professors. They may know some things about the department that could affect your
decision to apply. Most departments of political science will be glad to send you
a brochure about their graduate programs which will provide you with more detailed
information to help you pare down the number of schools you are considering. It is
not unusual to apply to anywhere from five to fifteen different graduate programs.
By applying to a number of schools, you increase the likelihood of being accepted
and also receiving financial assistance.
There are a number of both academic and personal factors that weigh into your chances
of being accepted to a graduate program in political science. In order to gain acceptance
into a higher ranked school, you will need a strong overall GPA (at least around a
3.5) and also good grades in your political science classes. Many of these graduate
programs recommend GRE scores of 600 or more in each category, 1200 verbal and quantitative
combined. Realize that applicants will often have scores that are much higher than
these minimum expected GPA and GRE scores.
A strong research background shows graduate programs that you are able to think analytically.
Look to complete an independent senior research project that will highlight these
skills, and you might want to try to publish an article in one of the scholarly undergraduate
journals such as the Undergraduate Review, Res Publica, and The Park Place Economist.
The research project that you start in senior seminar will most likely become your
writing sample for graduate school. Be sure to develop a strong research project that
will show your ability to write, to analyze data, as well as conduct meaningful research.
Talk to your senior seminar professor before choosing your topic so that he or she
can help you create a really strong research paper. You should also consider continuing
your research project through an independent study the spring of your senior year
so that you will be able to defend your results at the Spring Research Conference
as well as to a committee for Research Honors. Both of these opportunities are excellent
ways to highlight your commitment and maturity to conduct academic research.
Campus activities also are a good way to show commitment, leadership, and creativity.
Organizations such as Debate, Pi Sigma Alpha, College Democrats, College Republicans,
Habitat for Humanity, Student Senate, etc., are also possible organizations to join
and commit to during college. Another way to show aptitude and a sense of maturity
in your decision to go to graduate school is to find an internship that somehow relates
to the fields that you want to pursue in graduate school.
It is not too early to start talking to political science professors about possible
graduate study in your freshman, sophomore, or junior year. It is imperative that
you give yourself enough time to complete all of the applications. You must start
this process no later than the beginning of the fall semester of your senior year.
Following is a schedule you could follow in your senior of college:
Talk with professors in the political science department about graduate school in
general and specific programs which may be best for you.
Search through books on graduate programs in political science and make a list of
programs that interest you. Review this list with your professor. Determine what kind
of financial aid packages the department usually offers its incoming class. How many
years do they financially support their students? Do students compete for funding
the first year or not? These are important questions to ask the department that you
If you talk to the secretaries of a particular department, be nice. They can really
help you out in a bind, or else make your life miserable if you are rude to them.
Treat the staff with respect and courtesy at all times.
If you have not already done so, find out when the Graduate Record Examination is
being administered by contacting the Career Center. You need to find out if the graduate
departments you are considering require the specialized political science portion
of the GRE, and if necessary make arrangements to take it. Since the GRE is a very
important factor in receiving financial aid from a graduate school program, you might
want to consider taking a prep course offered by Stanley Kaplan at ISU. Other options
include picking up some practice books and working over vocabulary, analytic reasoning,
and math. It is to your benefit to prepare for this three-and-a-half hour long exam.
The latest date that you can take the GRE by pencil and paper and still apply to graduate
programs is the Mid-October date. Computerized GREs are also available, but they do
not offer you some of the same testing conditions as the pencil and paper exams, and
therefore are generally not recommended.
Send for program brochures and applications from the political science departments
of the graduate schools that interest you, and pick out the programs you will apply
to. Shoot for a range of programs that vary in their admissions criteria by choosing
some schools that you have a strong shot at getting into and also a couple that are
Decide who among your professors might recommend you for graduate school. Personally
visit your recommenders to ask them to write a letter. Bring a briefing sheet for
each recommender listing the course or courses you took with them, the grade your
received, the titles of the papers you wrote in that class, your resume, and anything
else that might help them write a meaningful letter for you. Be sure to ask them if
they feel comfortable writing a good letter of recommendation. The last thing you
want is a mediocre or poor letter from a professor as that could seriously harm your
chances of getting into your selected graduate programs. Be sure to also make them
aware of the deadlines for the letters of recommendation because some are as early
as December 15.
It is your responsibility to make sure that your recommenders complete the letters
for you, so gently remind them throughout the semester about your letter.
Take the GRE and have the scores sent directly to the graduate schools that you are
applying to so that they receive them in time.
November or December
Write a draft of your personal statement. It is imperative that you have your personal
statement reviewed by political science faculty as they know what graduate school
admission committees are looking for in this letter. Do not underestimate the importance
of the personal statement. It is a crucial part of your application because it is
the only thing that the admissions committee will receive from you that reflects your
personality and also your choices for pursuing graduate study. Consequently, it requires
a lot of thought, many rewrites, and also input from other qualified people.
Type your applications and make sure they look neat. You want to turn your application
in with some time to spare so they arrive before the deadline. Do not rely on next
day air shipping unless your are rich-and you won't be after you've paid for your
GRE scores, your application fees, transcript fees, and phone calls to the department
Turn the applications in and RELAX. There is nothing you can do not except wait-and
enjoy the second semester of your senior year.
Sign up for independent study 402 to prepare you for Research Honors and the Spring
February, March, or April
You will start to hear back from your schools by mid-February at the earliest. Keep
the political science professors abreast of what you hear back from the programs,
and be sure to discuss any financial packages you receive with them.