All the Difference in the World
“A country that clings to the principles of freedom and democracy is more important
now than ever,” Tapia-Ruano told the 471 graduating seniors and their families and
friends who attended graduation. (Photo by Marc Featherly)
Carlina Tapia-Ruano ’77 shares
the hardships and triumphs that
await America’s new immigrants.
Editor’s Note: The following is excerpted from the commencement speech Carlina Tapia-Ruano
gave on May 2, 2004.
When I was a young child, my family fled Cuba and came to America — specifically,
For several months we were housed in a refugee camp in Costa Rica. Later we moved
to Miami and eventually relocated to Michigan where my family lived in the basement
of the home of a fellow church member.
I ended up growing up in Holland, Michigan, where nearly everyone I met was a Dutch
descendant. In a sea of blond and blue-eyed children, my sister and I were the only
dark-haired little girls, struggling with a new language, a new culture, and even
a new climate.
My parents were classic immigrant parents, prepared to sacrifice everything to give
their children the best possible education, and a new life.
In time, both of my parents became Methodist ministers, and so Illinois Wesleyan University
was the perfect school for their youngest daughter.
I remember arriving as a freshman, in the summer of 1973, to move into Gulick Hall.
I have many fond memories of my first month at Wesleyan, not the least of which was
meeting my future husband, Jeff [Gunn, class of ’77].
Still, in the middle of America — in the middle of Illinois — I began to feel less
of a connection with my Cuban heritage and more of a desire to blend in with my classmates.
As is true for most freshmen, I had no desire to stand out, but rather, hoped to fit
After knowing Jeff for a few weeks, I had tried to warn him that I was Hispanic by
telling him that I spoke fluent Spanish. I guess he didn’t get it because he replied;
“Yeah? Well, I took French in high school.”
Over time, I have learned to celebrate my Hispanic heritage, not to hide it. In fact,
it was here at Illinois Wesleyan that I began to realize that I should be true to
that unique aspect of my identity.
I had an important mentor, someone who believed in me at a time of great doubt and
uncertainty: History Professor Michael Young. Dr. Young took a very keen interest
in me as a student, and I could only have gotten the attention I did by attending
a school like Illinois Wesleyan. I am especially grateful for his support of my desire
to go to law school at a time when many others said I would not make it. He served
as a compass to guide me in life’s next endeavor. He did not dismiss my dreams and
aspirations because I was Hispanic. He not only accepted that I was a little different,
he celebrated it. Through his advice and his confidence in my success, I did go to
law school and have gone on to embrace my immigrant heritage by becoming an immigration
For more than 20 years I have practiced immigration law in Chicago, and for over 10
years I have taught immigration law to students at Kent Law School. Little did I realize
in those times of doubt about my future that my own immigration experience would be so pivotal in my career choice.
Many of my clients come from places I have never visited and from cultures very different
from my own. I knew I wanted to be a lawyer, but little did I know that I would spend
my life helping and representing people from all over the world.
It’s strange, but working for foreigners who want to be American makes me feel more American.
I have the opportunity to represent people who have come to this country for many
of the same reasons that my parents did. They bring a common theme to our country:
a deep appreciation for our great freedoms. So often, immigrants understand freedom
even better than Americans do, because they have lived in places where they have not
As an immigration lawyer, and as an immigrant, I believe that immigration is good for America: it is our national identity, and it is what makes us strong.
These are difficult times in my field. Our laws are ever changing, confusing, and
often counterproductive, especially since September 11. Unfortunately, immigration
and terrorism, at times, have become synonyms.
As part of my work, I often speak for others who cannot speak for themselves, who
are too afraid. I am called upon to advocate for people who do not know our laws,
who do not speak our language, before a government that does not always value what
immigrants bring to our country.
I believe that the work that all of us do to continue our heritage as a country that welcomes immigrants and protects refugees, a country that clings to the principles of freedom
and democracy, is more important now than ever.
I have stood alongside young and frightened Mexicans, Salvadorans, and Guatemalans
who were arrested by immigration officials at work and placed in county jails before
being brought into strange courtrooms, where they faced their families dressed in
faded orange jumpsuits, with their hands and ankles in shackles, terrified.
I have accompanied Middle Eastern men who have appeared at immigration offices to
comply with special registration laws put in place since 9/11, only to have them arrested
by immigration officials, strip-searched, and placed in prisons to await deportation
Tapia-Ruano, above right, congratulates her son, Tristan Gunn, after he received his
diploma during the ceremony. (Photo by Marc Featherly)
For me, my work has truly been a calling. And the first strains of that calling came
to me here at Illinois Wesleyan. It was here that I realized that my unique identity
was a strength, and not a weakness. Eventually, I drew on that realization to choose my work.
Little did I think, when I walked the halls of this institution, downplaying my roots,
that I would become the voice for other immigrants and would even become a patriot
celebrating America’s identity as a “Nation of Immigrants.”
Yet, with the tools of language and the gifts of confidence that I received here,
I have been able to make a difference in the lives of immigrants who have embraced
the American dream and who have strengthened the rich fabric of our diverse nation.
Illinois Wesleyan took a chance on my difference, and that made all the difference.
My advice to you is to find your calling. Remember the words of former President Minor
Myers: “Follow your bliss.” Be true to yourself when you choose your work. Believe in the work you do. Choose that which will inspire you. That may mean you have to
rethink ideas about your own past.
As you move from the protection of this campus to a world filled with fear and uncertainty,
there will be many challenges that you must face. So I urge you, be brave. Embrace change, and value the differences of those around you. Remain open to new ideas and
rise to meet new challenges. If you treat challenges as opportunities, you will find
a rich life, a life you can be proud of.