The first institution of higher learning ever established -- simply called The Academy
-- was founded by Plato in the 4th century BC. It is said that inscribed above the
entrance was the sentence "Let none enter who are ignorant of geometry." Thus, mathematics
took it's seat as one of the most fundamental fields of study.
The Mathematics program at IWU is designed to develop students critical thinking and
analytical skills, enabling them to tackle some of the toughest real-world problems.
In addition, our program focuses on preparing students to be able to effectively
communicate their ideas, both in written and verbal form. Most major employers state
that strong communication skills and the ability to work on a team are two of the
main qualities they look for in a potential employee. Our close-knit IWU mathematics
community of both students and professors provides a great opportunity to hone your
All this being said, there are many reasons people study mathematics. For some, it's
because math constitutes the elegant, logical structure which underlies all other
scientific inquiry. For others, it's the thrill of learning how to solve the big
problems using a deliberate and systematic attack. But for many it's the variety
of career paths that open up with a degree in mathematics. This page will provide
you with some information on why majoring in Mathematics is a good idea.
The table on the right shows national average entry-level salaries for bachelors degrees
in math related disciplines. The data comes from the National Association of Colleges
and Employers 2018 salary survey.
Class of 2019 Salary Projection
2018 Salary Projection
Math & Sciences
Arts & Music
Scores on Entrance Exams
Majoring in mathematics can lead to careers that seem far-removed from the subject.
In particular, studying math can help you gain entrance into graduate school for
medicine, law, or business.
The data in the table on the left comes from a study by the National Institute of
Education which compared the scores of 550,000 college students who took the LSAT
and GMAT with data collected over the previous eighteen years.
The table excerpts some of this data from The Chronicle of Higher Education. The
entries show the percentage by which the mean score of test takers from specific undergraduate
majors differs from the mean score of all test takers.
In 2019, CareerCast ranked 200 jobs according to environment, income, outlook, physical demands, and
stress. The bolded rows indicate jobs that IWU math majors have gone into directly
after graduating. Several other of these jobs are obtainable with a graduate degree
following an undergraduate math degree.
Median Annual Salary
Medical Services Manager
Information Security Analyst
Operations Research Analyst
Below, you will find descriptions of a few of the many jobs in which mathematicians
are employed. These range from private industrial jobs, to government agencies, to
teaching. The fact of the matter is, a firm basis in mathematics provides the proper
analytical skills to take you just about anywhere.
Wall Street has become a major employer of math majors. Investment companies are
seeking mathematicians for jobs titled "quantitative analyst" to predict the future
for them. Trying to match the outstanding success of multibillionaire Differential
Geometer, James Simons (founder of the Renaissance Technologies Corporation and the top hedge fund, the
Medallion Fund), many investment and financial firms consider mathematicians prized
Information and Data Security
One area that is particularly "hot" these days is cryptography - the making and breaking
of secret codes. Not only the CIA, NSA, and other spy agencies are devotees. Numerous businesses also require cryptography
such as RSA key encryption. Number theory is the branch of pure mathematics which
provides the theoretical underpinnings for much of the recent progress in cryptography.
In mathematical modeling, you write down equations to describe how a real world system
behaves. The "system" might be drawn from many different fields. For example, most
financial companies hire mathematicians to study financial models and make predictions
based on statistical evidence. In physics or engineering you might be interested in
how heat is dissipated through the heat shield of a space vehicle. In physiology you
might want to apply the laws of fluid dynamics to describe how blood flows in vessels
and what happens when blood pressure is increased. In economics you might want to
predict how a strike in the automotive industry will affect other parts of the economy. As usual, the power of mathematics comes from its ability to handle general abstract
problems and then to apply these general methods to an enormous variety of problems.
Recent breakthroughs in the study of DNA and proteins have generated a great deal
of interest in mathematical biology. Many biotech companies hire mathematics majors
because of the high (and growing) mathematical content of the field.
The proliferation of statistics in everything ranging from business to government
has induced many organizations to seek math majors. Statisticians use surveys --
for example, opinion polls -- to predict the patterns of behavior of large groups
based on relatively small samples. They ask questions such as: How can we be sure
that what we predict from our small sample is true of the population being sampled?
Probability theory provides the theoretical foundation for statistics.
One business with an extreme interest in statistics is insurance. The (highly paid)
professionals responsible for computing insurance rates are specialist statisticians
The computer industry provides many lucrative jobs for math majors. Beyond mere proficiency
in computer programming, math majors are trained to address the more fundamental issues
involved in the creation of new algorithms. Furthermore, many sophisticated applications
of computers such as creation of computer graphics and the compression of video and
audio signals (to name a few examples) involve a great deal of deep mathematics,
and as a result, many computer companies specifically hire math majors.
If you would like to give back to your community and serve children, teaching mathematics
at the secondary school level can be very rewarding. A major in Mathematics can be
paired with an Educational Studies major to ultimately certify to teach.
At the end of your undergraduate years, you may have fallen in love with the beauty
of mathematics and want to learn more. You may wish to go to graduate school in mathematics
or a related field (e.g., operation research, economics, computer science, etc.).
In graduate school, students typically get paid (albeit not much) to pursue a Master
or PhD degree. With a graduate degree, you may find a teaching or research job in
academia, or a leadership position in industry.