Carole Myscofski

Publications & Presentations

Books and Articles

Amazons, Wives, Nuns, and Witches: Women and the Catholic Church in Colonial Brazil, 1500-1822.  University of Texas Press, 2013.

"Imagining Cannibals:  European Encounters with Native Brazilian Women," History of Religions, Vol. 47 (2/3) (November 2007/February 2008), 142-155.  Invited article for the special festschrift edition honoring Jonathan Z. Smith.

"The Magic of Brazil:  Practice and Prohibition in the Early Colonial Period, 1590-1620," History of Religions, Vol. 40 (2):  153-176.  November 2000.

"Bounded Identities:  Women and Religion in Colonial Brazil, 1550-1750," Religion 28:  329-337.  1998.  Updated version published in Volume I of World Christianity, ed. Elizabeth Koepping, Routledge, September 2010.

HarperCollins Dictionary of Religion.  Overview essay on "New Religions," shorter entries on "Afro-Brazilian Religions," "Candomblé," "Carlos Castañeda," "Don Juan," "Emin," "Exú," "Filha de santo," "Kardecism," "Macumba," "Mãe de santo," "Medium," "Millenarianism," "Nativistic Movements," "Orixá," "Pagan," "Revitalization Movements," "Santidade," "Spiritism," "Syncretism," and "Umbanda," and twenty additional short entries on New Age religions.  Jonathan Z. Smith, general editor.  HarperCollins, 1995.

"Messianic Movements (Brazil)" and "Sebastianismo," Encyclopedia of Latin American History.  Barbara A. Tenenbaum, general editor.  Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995.

"Heterodoxy, Gender and the Brazilian Inquisition:  Patterns in Religion in the 1590s," Journal of Latin American Lore 18: 1, 79-94.  1992.

"Messianic Themes in Portuguese and Brazilian Literature in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries," Luso-Brazilian Review 28: 1, 77-93.  1991.

"Ritual Trance in Brazilian Umbanda," in Social History and Issues in Consciousness, Andrew Barnes and Peter Stearns, eds., 85-107.  New York University Press, 1989.

When Men Walk Dry: Portuguese Messianism in Brazil.  Scholars Press Academy Series, 1988.
This book was republished by Oxford University Press, June 2000; electronic version, Oxford University Press, 2011.

"Women's Initiation Rites in Afro-Brazilian Religions: A Structural Source Analysis." Journal of Ritual Studies 2:1 (1988): 101-118.

"The Memphis Serapeum Correspondence." Part One, Documents translated from the original Greek for John L. White, Light from Ancient Letters. Foundations and Facets Series, Fortress Press.  1986.

"Women's Religious Roles in Brazil: A History of Limitations." Journal for Feminist Studies in Religion 1:2 (1985): 43-57.

"Salvation in the World's Religions." Chicago Studies 22:1 (1983): 97-110.

"Messiahs and Messianic Movements." Micropedia of the Encyclopedia Britannica. 1980.


Review of Divining Slavery and Freedom:  The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-century Brazil by João José Reis, in Reading Religion, an online review publication by the American Academy of Religion (2017). 

Review of People of Faith: Slavery and African Catholics in Eighteenth-century Rio De Janeiro, by Mariza de Carvalho Soares, in The Catholic Historical Review Vol. 99, 2 (April 2013), 399–400.


American Academy of Religion Academy (Dissertation) Series, published by Scholars Press (1997-1999) and Oxford University Press (1999-). Editor, 1997-2002.

HarperCollins Dictionary of Religion. Area editor for entries (totaling over 73,000 words) on "New Religions." 1991-1995.