F-1/J-1 Visa Application Process

Visa application procedures vary greatly from country to country, and within countries. Some US Embassies and Consulates process visa applications via mail; others use a drop-off/pick-up system, and some require a personal interview. Be certain to check with the Embassy or Consulate at which you intend to apply for your visa for complete details.

Passport

In order to enter the United States, you will need a passport issued by your home country. The passport enables you to leave and re-enter your home country.

Visa

If you currently reside outside the United States, you will need to obtain a student (F-1) or exchange visitor (J-1) visa.  This visa will allow you to enter and leave the United States.  Instructions on how to secure your visa are included below.  

Here are some general comments in regard to visa acquisition:

  • Begin the process early.   In general, however, you may not apply more than 120 days prior to your arrival in the United States.

  • The US Department of State provides online information on visa processing times 。 Please be aware that the information on this site may not be up to date.

  • You may not arrive in the United States more than 30 days prior to the program start date on your form I-20 (for F-1 students) or form DS-2019 (for J-1 students).

When you apply for a visa, there are a number of items you need to have prepared:

  • F-1 and J-1 applicants will need to pay the I-901 visa fee before applying for a visa.  This fee is to be paid electronically in most countries. Consult the applicable US Embassy or Consulate web page for more information.

  • There are a number of forms you need to complete to apply for a visa.  Check the web site of the US Embassy or Consulate to which you are applying for specifics.

  • Most of you must apply to the visa office that has jurisdiction over the area in which you live.  Contact the US Embassy closest to you for more information. Be prepared to discuss, in writing and in person, your plans to return home.  You are seeking a nonimmigrant visa, so you must be ready to prove your intention to return to your home country.

  • You must show proof of funds to support your stay here.

  • You may be asked to produce your academic records and test scores.

  • Be sure that you know what items are required for your visa appointment and know the procedures for obtaining a visa.

  • Some visa offices require that you apply in person, while others have a mail service or drop-box where you leave and later pick up your papers.

  • If your request for a visa is denied, contact the IWU International Office immediately.   There are a number of things that can be done to appeal a denial, based on your situation.

Applying For Your F-1 or J-1 Visa

Following are general instructions for applying for an F-1 or J-1 visa.  It is important to note that visa application procedures vary greatly from country to country; within a country, procedure may vary between the various US Consulates.  

Step 1.    Contact your local US Embassy or Consulate to determine the exact procedures and timelines for obtaining an F-1 or J-1 visa.  Visit  www.usembassy.gov  to find the Embassy or Consulate nearest to you.

Step 2.   Complete the DS-160 electronic application.  You can access this form at  ceac.state.gov/genniv/.  To complete this form, you will need the following items:

  • Your passport

  • Your I-20 (for an F-1 visa) or DS-2019 (for a J-1 visa)

  • Dates of your last five visits or trips to the United States, if you have previously travelled to the United States

  • A digital photo for electronic upload: detailed photo requirements can be found at  travel.state.gov/content/visas/english/general/photos.html

  • You may be required to provide information about your current and previous education and work history

Please note that the DS-160 must be completed in English.    

You can find detailed instructions on how to complete the DS-160 online at  ceac.state.gov/genniv/Common/Instructions.aspx, and answers to frequently asked questions are available at  travel.state.gov/content/visas/english/forms/ds-160--online-nonimmigrant-visa-application/frequently-asked-questions.html.

Step 3.    Once you have electronically submitted your DS-160, you will likely need to schedule an interview and the nearest Embassy or Consulate.  Information on how to schedule an interview and submit additional documents can be found  https://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en/general/wait-times.html/

Step 4.    Complete Form I-901 and pay the appropriate fee (sometimes called the SEVIS fee).  For an F-1 Visa, the fee is $350 USD, and for a J-1 visa, the fee is $180 USD.  In order to complete Form I-901, you will need your I-20 or DS-2019.  There is a video tutorial on how to complete the Form I-901 available at  studyinthestates.dhs.gov/i-901-sevis-fee-payment-tutorial.

You can access the Form I-901 and pay the fee online at  www.fmjfee.com/. If you choose to pay the fee by check, money order, or Western Union Quick Pay, you must print the Form I‑901 payment coupon when you complete the form online.  Applicants from Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Kenya must pay the SEVIS Fee by mail.

Once you have paid your SEVIS fee, you will need to print confirmation of the payment (click the Check I-901 Status / Print Payment Confirmation link).

Step 5.    For your visit to the Embassy/Consulate, you should be prepared to provide the following:

  • Your valid passport

  • Your I-20 or DS-2019: make sure you have signed and dated the bottom of the form

  • Proof of your ties to your home country

  • Proof of funds for support for your stay in the United States

  • Confirmation that you have paid your SEVIS fee

  • Payment for the visa application fee:  please note that the visa application fee is different—and separate—from the SEVIS fee

To remain compliant with your visa you must:

  • be enrolled as a full-time student (with 3 or 4 classes)
  • be making satisfactory progress toward your degree
  • work no more than 20 hours per week on campus
  • inform the DSO (Robyn Walter) of any changes in your address or major
  • NOT work off campus without first requesting authorization from the International Office.