Cross-listed with Greek and Roman Studies 210
Studies Judaism from the exile by the Babylonians to the Jewish War. Focuses on the Jewish reaction to three historical events: the destruction of Solomon's temple, the desecration of the second temple by the Greeks, and its destruction by the Romans. Reconstructs the religious and political climates which resulted from these historical struggles and which provided ground for the beginning of Christianity. Offered in alternate years.
Explores the various portraits of Jesus in the gospel literature of the New Testament and the extra-canonical traditions. By approaching the literature from a historical-literary perspective, we will reconstruct each gospel's interpretation of Jesus and, finally, the "historical" Jesus himself. Offered in alternate years.
Ancient Roman religion was uniquely open to foreign influence while respecting its own customs. This course will examine how the Roman people demonstrated this quality as they adopted or adapted new religious ideas and traditions from the beginnings of the Roman monarchy in 753 BCE to the fifth century CE. Offered occasionally. May Term.
This course examines the development of Judaism and Christianity during the Roman period from 167 BCE-312 CE. We will study pivotal moments in the development of Judaism and Christianity to see how these religions were affected by the Roman Empire and also how these religions affected the course of Western history.
Traces the development and meaning of the major doctrinal traditions which gained authoritative status within the ancient Church from the bible to the Council of Chalcedon. We will understand these traditions to be the result of dialogue, contention, and controversy between various groups of Christians. Offered in alternate years.
Studies the development of attitudes toward sexuality and the body in many varieties of Christianity in order to understand the origins, complexity, and continuation of the religious sanctification of sexism in our society. Offered occasionally.
This course examines writings from antiquity that were omitted from the Bible such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, The Book of Enoch, and the Gospel of Thomas and considers the complex reasons why these writings were omitted and what they might mean for us today. Offered in alternate years.