Student Honors Papers

The Student Honors Papers collection represent exemplary work in International Studies at Illinois Wesleyan University. The Ames Library is proud to archive these and other honors projects in Digital Commons @ IWU, the university's online archive of student, faculty and staff scholarship and creative activity.

Globalization and Gangs: The Evolution of Central American
by Patrick Beary '07

The focus ofthis paper is beyond a critique of U.S. immigration law and the 4 regions' judicial systems, although their roles as they relate to gang activities in these areas will be assessed. Nor is this paper a comprehensive ethnographic account of gang life and gang structure in general. Instead the purpose of this study is to synthesize the theoretical literature of globalization and apply it to what we know about specific gangs such as MS-13 and M-18 in North and Central America.

Trade Liberalization and Environmental Justice in the Ivorian Cocoa Industry
by Anne M. Fell '07

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal economic policy and environmental justice in the Ivorian cocoa industry by examining the precedents set forth during the French colonial era, the economic principles behind trade liberalization, and trade liberalization's effects on poverty and child labor, environmental degradation, and ethnic violence.

French Framing of Anna Karenina: Confused Identities in Russian Aristocratic Culture
by Devin Conley '07

Anna Karenina uses Russian identities and Russian language in opposition to European culture and French language to highlight the superficiality ofthe Russian aristocracy in the nineteenth century. In the context of the novel, honesty to oneself worth is the highest expression of being; unless one lives in truth, one cannot lay claim to a genuine existence. Culture and, more importantly, cultural identity provide this appraisal and affirmation of our own self-worth, as well as a framework in which to approach life.

Insight into Illinois Wesleyan University Study Abroad
by Christopher B. Lyons '03

This paper presents the results of a research into the reasons why students do and do not study abroad during their years at Illinois Wesleyan University (IWU). After establishing the importance of the research question, the paper continues with a description ofa survey ofIWU students conducted in Spring 2003. Presentation and analysis of the results follow. The paper concludes with a discussion of potential policy changes that could lead to an increase in the number of IWU students who study abroad in the future.

L'intertextualité dans les œuvres d'Anne Hébert: Le lien entre la voix poetiqué, la voix narrative, et la voix féminine
by Karla Stoesser '01

Née en 1916 en Québec, Anne Hébert était consommée par la passion de la littérature jusqu'à sa mort le 22 janvier 2000. Elle est devenue connue d'abord pour sa poésie pendant les années quarantes et cinquantes, et plus tard pour ses romans. Elle est l'une des écrivaines québécoises les plus célèbres. Ses œuvres les plus connues comprennent: Le Torrent, Le Tombeau des Rois, Les Chambres de Bois, Le Temps Sauvage, Kamouraska, Les En/ants du Sabbat, et Les Fous de Bassan, parmi d'autres. Elle est venue d'une famille ayant une grande tradition littéraire et comprenant, entre autre, son cousin, Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, le poète. Elle a gagné plus de dix-sept prix littéraires en France et au Québec pendant sa carrierè. Eventuellement elle a déménagé en France et y a passé le reste de sa vie, mais retoumait souvent au Canada (Schmid and Terning).

An Empirical Investigation of the Determinants of Fertility
by Michelle Y. Ewert '00

As sociologists and economists evaluate the demographic trends of the past century, they note that total fertility rates have fallen worldwide. Using various theories to explain demographic change, scholars attribute the fall in fertility rates to a variety of social and economic factors. This study evaluates the effect of determinants of fertility from three major theories of fertility decline. Using World Bank and United Nations data, this study considers the impact of female illiteracy, female labor force participation, per capita GNP, urbanization and female secondary education on total fertility rates. Linear regression analyses for the years 1970, 1980 and 1990 show female illiteracy to have the strongest, most consistent effect on fertility. Urbanization, per capita GNP, female labor force participation and female secondary education each demonstrate statistical significance for one or two ofthe years tested.